The Great Barrier Reef Library

A comprehensive guide to The Great Barrier Reef

Perciformes – Perch-Like Fish

Perciformes

By on January 6, 2018

Perciformes

Perciformes translates to Perch-Like Fish and they make up around about 41% of all of the bony fishes in the world.1 There are approximately 10, 760 species worldwide!2 Whilst they do show incredible variety, most in this order have a Perch-like body shape, four gill arches and dorsal, anal and pelvic fins. Each of these fins exhibits fin spines with rays of tissue connecting them.Their diversity has led to them spreading throughout the world with more than 2,000 species even being found in freshwater. Although that may seem impressive, a recent study suggest that even though life began in the oceans, the majority of modern day marine species may actually have evolved from freshwater species.3

You can find a list of the various groups of Perciformes found on The Great Barrier Reef, below.

Family – A lower level of taxonomic classification, grouping together species that show many similarities

  • Acanthuridae Acanthuridae – Tangs, Surgeon and Unicorn Fishes                                                        
  • Ambassidae – Glass Fishes

  • Apogonidae – Cardinal Fishes                                                                      

  • Bleniidae – Blennies                                                                          

  •   Caesionidae – Fusiliers                                                                     

  • Callionymidae – Dragonets                                                                  

  • Caproidae – Boar Fishes                                                                          

  • Carangidae Carangidae – Trevallies                                                                       

  • Cepolidae – Band Fishes

  • Chaetodontidae Chaetodontidae – Butterfly Fishes

  • Cirrhitidae – Hawk Fishes                                                                       

  • Coryphaenidae – Dolphin Fishes

  • Creediidae – Sand Burrowers

  • Drepaneidae – Sickle Fishes

  • Echeneidae – Ramoras                                                                         

  • Ephippidae Ephippidae – Bat Fishes                                                                        

  • Gempylidae – Gem Fishes

  • Gerreidae – Silver Biddies

  • Gobiidae Gobiidae – Gobies

  • Haemulidae – Grunter Beams

  • Istiophoridae – Bill Fishes                                                                     

  • Kuhliidae – Flagtails                                                                            

  • Kyphosidae – Drummers                                                                         

  • Labridae Labridae – Wrasse                                                                              

  • Latidae – Barramundi

  • Lethrinidae Lethrinidae – Emperors                                                                        

  • Lobotidae – Tripple Tails

  • Lutjanidae Lutjanidae – Tropical Snappers                                                                            

  • Malacanthidae – Tile Fishes                                                                    

  • Menidae – False Moonfishes 

  • Microdesmidae – Dart Fishes

  • Mullidae – Goat Fishes

  • Nemipteridae – Threadfin Beams

  • Nomeidae – Drift Fishes

  • Opistognathidae – Jaw Fishes

  • Pempheridae – Bullseyes

  • Pinguipedidae – Grub Fishes

  • Plesiopidae – Pretty Fins

  • Polynemidae – Threadfin Salmons

  • Pomacanthidae – Angel Fishes

  • Pomacentridae – Damsel Fish and Clown Fish

  • Priacanthidae – Big Eyes

  • Pseudochromidae – Dotty Backs

  • Rachycentridae – Cobia

  • Scaridae Scaridae – Parrot Fish

  • Schindleriidae – Floaters

  • Scombridae – Tunas and Mackerels

  • Serranidae Serranidae – Groupers, Trout and Cod

  • Siganidae Siganidae – Rabbit Fish

  • Sillaginidae – Whitings

  • Sparidae – Breams

  • Sphyraena Sphyraenidae – Barracuda

  • Terapontidae – Grunters

  • Trichiuridae – Cutlass Fishes

  • Trichonotidae – Sand Divers

  • Tripterygiidae – Triple Fins

  • Uranoscopidae – Star Gazers

  • Xenisthmidae – Wrigglers       

  • Xiphiidae – Sword Fish

  • Moorish Idol Zanclidae – Moorish Idol